About this journal

Advances in Cognitive Psychology (ACP) is an open access, peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all areas and aspects of human cognitive psychology, including, but not limited to, perception, attention, memory, social cognition, and language processing in behavioral, cognitive, psychophysiological, and neuropsychological perspectives, as well as in computer- and modeling-based science. We welcome original empirical and theoretical articles, as well as replications, reports of null findings, and literature reviews. ACP also promotes and encourages open science, pre-registration of study and is a peer community in registered reports (PCI RR) - friendly journal. We are also indexed in a range of major databases, including PubMed, Scopus, JCR, and PsycINFO.

Advances in Cognitive Psychology is co-financed by the Ministry of Education and Science (Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki) under the program "Rozwój czasopism naukowych," RCN/SN/0494/2021/1.

Current Issue

Issue 1 Online: 1 March 2024

An ERP Study on Affective Priming of Second Language: The Emotion Word Type Effect in Unmasked and Masked Priming Paradigms

pp. 1-11
First published on 1 March 2024 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0408-y
Juan Zhang, Chenggang Wu, Yaxuan Meng, Zhen Yuan
Corresponding author:

Chenggang Wu, Room 332, School of Education, Shanghai International Studies University, Wenxiang Road 1550, Songjiang, Shanghai.

Email: chenggangwu@outlook.com

Zhang, J., Wu, C., Meng, Y., & Yuan, Z. (2024). An ERP study on affective priming of second language: The emotion word type effect in unmasked and masked priming paradigms. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 20(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0408-y

Emotion word type effect refers to a distinction between emotion-laden words (e.g., injury, gift) and emotion-label words (e.g., fear, joy). The present study examined the second language (L2) emotion word type effect using affective priming paradigms in two experiments (Experiment 1: unmasked affective priming; Experiment 2: masked affective priming). Two groups of Chinese- English bilinguals completed a word valence decision task in which they had to decide whether the emotion-laden target words were negative or positive, and their electrophysiological responses (event-related potentials) were recorded. Experiment 1 revealed that the recognition of emotion target words preceded by emotion-label words was facilitated more by emotion-laden words, with enhanced processing speed and electrophysiological activation. In Experiment 2, when participants were unaware of the primes, facilitation of target word processing was also found for emotion-label words. The results confirmed that the emotion word type effect in the L2 could be found in both explicit (unmasked) and implicit (masked) conditions.

Keywords: emotion-label words, emotion-laden words, masked affective priming, second language, event-related potentials

Ignoring Stimuli Related to Self Involves not Only Attention Inhibition but Also Self-Control

pp. 12-20
First published on 1 March 2024 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0411-8
Jarosław Orzechowski, Aleksandra Gruszka, Michał Nowak, Natalia Wójcik, Radosław Wujcik, Edward Nęcka
Corresponding author:

Jarosław Orzechowski, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland.

Email: jorzechowski@swps.edu.pl

Orzechowski, J., Gruszka, A., Nowak, M., Wójcik, N., Wujcik, R., & Nęcka, E. (2024). Ignoring stimuli related to self involves not only attention inhibition but also self-control. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 20(1), 12-20. https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0411-8

Previous studies have shown that individuals high in the self-control trait are more skilled at avoiding distraction, including higher resistance to affective stimuli. In the current study, we aimed to examine whether self-control moderates working memory performance under the distraction of self-referential stimuli. We assumed that the level of familiarity of a photo of a person presented peripherally as irrelevant stimuli during a goal-directed task, will translate to the level of distractibility. Eighty-six volunteers (10 men) participated in the study. A spatial working memory span task was used as a goal-directed task, while photos of faces varying in their self-reference and attention-capturing propensity were used as distraction. The participants’ task was to focus on the spatial working memory span task while ignoring the distractors. The obtained results show that individuals who are average and high in proactive control (a component of self-control) exhibited higher resistance to the self-reference stimuli presented during the working memory task, thus they were more adept at avoiding distraction than those with low proactive control. Our findings suggest that only certain components of the self-control trait may be at least partially responsible for resistance to self-related distraction.

Keywords: self-control attention cognitive control goal-directed behaviour

COVID-19 Illness and Cognitive Functioning in a Community- Dwelling Sample of Adults

pp. 21-34
First published on 1 March 2024 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0412-7
Veronika Kobrinsky, Elissa M. Aminoff, Maggie Boros, Francesca Falzarano, Jillian Minahan Zucchetto, Neshat Yazdani, Jordan Sergio, Rachel F. Bloom, Karen L. Siedlecki
Corresponding author:

Karen L. Siedlecki, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, Fordham University, 113 W. 60th St., NY, NY 10023, USA.

Email: klsiedlecki@fordham.edu

Kobrinsky, V., Aminoff, E. M., Boros, M., Falzarano, F., Minahan Zucchetto, J., Yazdani, N., Sergio, J., Bloom, R. F., & Siedlecki, K. L. (2024). COVID-19 illness and cognitive functioning in a community-dwelling sample of adults. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 20(1), 21-34. https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0412-7

Objective: Recent research illuminates a wide range of outcomes associated with COVID-19 illness, including neurological and cognitive dysfunction. While these associations have most often been examined among hospitalized patients, emerging research suggests that cognitive impairments following COVID-19 illness may not be exclusive to hospitalized or severely ill populations. The current study investigates the impact of COVID-19 infection on objective and subjective cognitive functioning among a sample of community-dwelling adults. Method: Cross-sectional data were collected online from a community sample of adults aged 19–67 years (N = 114; Mage = 41.91 years) to examine the associations between those with and without COVID-19 illness history on objective and subjective measures of cognitive functioning. Results: There were no significant differences between those with a history of COVID-19 infection (n = 57) and those without a history of COVID- 19 infection (n = 57) in performance on digit span, digit symbol, choice reaction time, Stroop, and the N-back cognitive tasks. Within the COVID-19 positive group, individuals with long-haul (i.e., persisting four or more weeks) COVID-19 symptoms reported significantly greater impairments in subjective cognition compared to those with short-term COVID-19 symptoms. Conclusions: The current findings provide important insight into the impact of COVID-19 on cognitive outcomes among adults drawn from the community. These results highlight the necessity to continue investigating potential factors that impact the course of COVID-19 illness in diverse populations with varying degrees of viral symptomatology.

Keywords: COVID-19 cognition subjective cognition perceived stress long-haul COVID-19

Tasks financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education on the basis of the contract no. 801/P-DUN/2018 out of the funds designed for activities promoting science: Preparation and editing of English versions of articles, Financing foreign Editors-in-Chief, Dissemination of publications and increasing their accessibility to a broad range of readers, Creation of the XML conversion platform to improve the access to the articles (2018-2019). Advances in Cognitive Psychology is co-financed by the Ministry of Education and Science (Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki) under the program "Rozwój czasopism naukowych," RCN/SN/0494/2021/1.

Zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 801/P-DUN/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę: Finansowanie zagranicznych redaktorów naczelnych; Przygotowanie i edycja anglojęzycznych publikacji; Upowszechnianie publikacji i ułatwianie dostępu do nich szerokiemu gronu odbiorców; Utworzenie nowej platformy do udostępniania artykułów. Advances in Cognitive Psychology jest współfinansowane przez Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki w ramach programu "Rozwój czasopism naukowych," RCN/SN/0494/2021/1.