About this journal

Advances in Cognitive Psychology (ACP) is an open access, peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all areas and aspects of human cognitive psychology, including, but not limited to, perception, attention, memory, social cognition, and language processing in behavioral, cognitive, psychophysiological, and neuropsychological perspectives, as well as in computer- and modeling-based science. We welcome original empirical and theoretical articles, as well as replications, reports of null findings, and literature reviews. ACP also promotes and encourages open science, pre-registration of study and is a peer community in registered reports (PCI RR) - friendly journal. We are also indexed in a range of major databases, including PubMed, Scopus, JCR, and PsycINFO.

Advances in Cognitive Psychology is co-financed by the Ministry of Education and Science (Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki) under the program "Rozwój czasopism naukowych," RCN/SN/0494/2021/1.

Current Issue

Issue 3 Online: 25 July 2023

Semantic Clustering in Verbal Fluency and Learning Tasks in Normal and Pathological Ageing

pp. 211-223
First published on 17 July 2023 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0393-0
Ewa Zawadzka, Łucja Domańska
Corresponding author:

Ewa Zawadzka, Department of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Institute of Psychology, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, ul. Głęboka 45, 20-612 Lublin, Poland.

Email: ewa.zawadzka@mail.umcs.pl

Zawadzka, E., & Domańska, Ł. (2023). Semantic clustering in verbal fluency and learning tasks in normal and pathological ageing. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 19(3), 211-223. https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0393-0

Many studies suggest that semantic clustering facilitates searching for and retrieving information encoded in long-term memory. Clinical findings show a decrease in some indices of semantic clustering, however, only few of them have undertaken a detailed analysis of the semantic clustering phenomenon in stroke patients. It is not entirely clear to what extent semantic clustering determines the performance of various verbal tasks in older adults with vascular brain damage. The current study aimed to examine: (a) the differences in word list retrieval and semantic fluency between healthy controls and older post-stroke adults, (b) the effects of clinical condition (healthy vs. older post-stroke adults) and the type of task (word list retrieval vs. verbal fluency) on the usage of semantic clustering while controlling for the number of produced or retrieved words, and (c) the mediating effect of semantic clustering on the relationships between clinical condition and verbal fluency performance or between clinical condition and performance in retrieval of the word list. We tested 46 healthy older adults and 38 stroke patients. Statistically significant effects of the clinical condition and the type of task on the semantic clustering were found even under the condition of controlling for the number of produced or retrieved words. We also found a significant mediating role of semantic clustering for the relationships between clinical condition and performance of both fluency and free recall tasks.

Keywords: clustering semantic fluency free recall stroke ageing

No SNARC Effect Among Left-to-Right Readers: Evidence From a Turkish Sample

pp. 224-236
First published on 25 July 2023 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0394-x
Merve Bulut, Ilgım Hepdarcan, Ezgi Palaz, Hakan Çetinkaya, Seda Dural
Corresponding author:

Hakan Çetinkaya, Department of Psychology, Yaşar University, 35100 Bornova, İzmir.

Email: hakan.cetinkaya@yasar.edu.tr

Bulut, M., Hepdarcan, I., Palaz, E., Çetinkaya, H., & Dural, S. (2023). No SNARC effect among left-to-right readers: Evidence from a Turkish sample. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 19(3), 224-236. https://doi.org./10.5709/acp-0394-x

The spatial-numerical association of response codes (SNARC) refers to the faster left-hand responses to smaller numbers and faster right-hand responses to larger numbers. Although easily replicable in Western cultures, the prevalence of the SNARC effect in other cultures has long been an issue. In the current study, we aimed to replicate the SNARC effect in a parity judgement task with Turkish participants (N = 66) whose reading habits are entirely left-to-right. The results revealed no SNARC effect. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first finding indicating the absence of regular SNARC effect among left-to-right readers in a classical parity judgement task. Based on these findings, we suggest that investigations of cultural influences on spatial-numerical associations should take a broader perspective rather than only focusing on reading habits.

Keywords: SNARC reading habits mental number line parity judgement SNA

How Affect and Repetition Influence Judgments of Truth

pp. 237-248
First published on 25 July 2023 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0395-y
Patricia Garrido-Vásquez, Tanja Rock
Corresponding author:

Patricia Garrido-Vásquez Schmidt, Department of Psychology, University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile.

Email: patricia.garrido@udec.cl

Garrido-Vásquez, P., & Rock, T. (2023). How affect and repetition influence judgments of truth. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 19(3), 237-248. https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0395-y

People believe repeated statements more than new ones, a phenomenon called the repetitioninduced truth effect. It is chiefly explained with the subjective processing ease (i.e., fluency) for repeated as compared to new information. To date, the role of affective processes for the repetition- induced truth effect is rather unclear. Different mechanisms may play a role: Affect influences processing styles, it may directly inform judgments, and positive affect may be misattributed to fluency/familiarity. In the current study, we compared mechanisms and tested whether a positive, neutral, or negative picture presented before a statement would influence the repetition-induced truth effect. Experiment 1 followed a classical repetition-induced truth effect procedure with two sessions that were a week apart. In the second session, each statement was preceded by an affective picture. We replicated the repetition-induced truth effect, and we observed a statistically significant main effect of affect—statements were rated as truer after a positive rather than a negative or neutral picture, but the interaction between repetition and affect was not statistically significant. In Experiment 2, we aimed to clarify the mechanism behind this finding using only new statements preceded by affective pictures. No statistically significant main effect of affect emerged. We conclude that the results in Experiment 1 were due to the misattribution of positive affect to fluency/ familiarity, enhancing the perceived truth of the statements. In sum, our results suggest two factors that enhance truth judgments: repetition and positive affect, but the effects of affect depend on the exact paradigm used.

Keywords: truth effect repetition affect affective pictures positivity fluency

Tasks financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education on the basis of the contract no. 801/P-DUN/2018 out of the funds designed for activities promoting science: Preparation and editing of English versions of articles, Financing foreign Editors-in-Chief, Dissemination of publications and increasing their accessibility to a broad range of readers, Creation of the XML conversion platform to improve the access to the articles (2018-2019). Advances in Cognitive Psychology is co-financed by the Ministry of Education and Science (Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki) under the program "Rozwój czasopism naukowych," RCN/SN/0494/2021/1.

Zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 801/P-DUN/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę: Finansowanie zagranicznych redaktorów naczelnych; Przygotowanie i edycja anglojęzycznych publikacji; Upowszechnianie publikacji i ułatwianie dostępu do nich szerokiemu gronu odbiorców; Utworzenie nowej platformy do udostępniania artykułów. Advances in Cognitive Psychology jest współfinansowane przez Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki w ramach programu "Rozwój czasopism naukowych," RCN/SN/0494/2021/1.