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Volume 14 (2018) Volume 13 (2017) Volume 12 (2016) Volume 11 (2015) Volume 10 (2014) Volume 9 (2013) Volume 8 (2012) Volume 7 (2011) Volume 6 (2010) Volume 5 (2009) Volume 4 (2008) Volume 3 (2007) Volume 2 (2006) Volume 1 (2005)

Volume 14 Issue 2 (2018)

Letter from the Editors editorial

pp. 38-38 | First published on 30 June 2018 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0236-1

Konrad Janowski, Rob H. J. van der Lubbe, Ulrich Ansorge

Abstract

In this second newsletter of 2018, we wanted to inform you about some major changes in the editorial board of our journal.

Poking Left To Be Right? A Model-Based Analysis of Temporal Order Judged by Mice original article

pp. 39-50 | First published on 30 June 2018 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0237-0

Jan Tünnermann, Ingrid Scharlau

Abstract

The theory of visual attention (TVA) provides a formal framework for the assessment of visual attention and related processes. Its center is a mathematical model of visual encoding processes and discretely defined components of attention. Building on this model, TVA offers quantitative and process-related explanations for a variety of phenomena in the domain of visual attention. Because the theory relies on very general assumptions which might hold true for other domains of sensory processing, we tested its possible explanatory value for tactile processing in mice. Reanalyzing published data of temporal-order judgments by mice, we show how a TVA-based analysis identifies the processes which drive observable behavior and that it comes to conclusions quite different from those of conventional analyses of temporal-order judgments. According to this analysis, despite the same overall capacity dedicated to the task, some mice assume attentional biases toward one side, possibly to optimize their overall performance. We suggest that TVA's concepts provide a powerful point of vantage to find explanations for observable behavior where conventional analysis easily leads to dead ends.

Age and Sex Differences in Verbal and Visuospatial Abilities original article

pp. 51-61 | First published on 30 June 2018 | DOI:10.5709/acp-0238-x

Efrat Barel, Orna Tzischinsky

Abstract

In order to explore the developmental patterns of sex differences in verbal and visuospatial abilities, the present study investigated sex differences in various cognitive abilities among children and adults. Three hundred and twenty-six children and adults completed a battery of six cognitive tasks testing two sets of abilities: The verbal cognitive battery tested verbal fluency and short-term memory tasks. The visuospatial battery tested mental rotation, localization, and form-completion tasks. Results showed a significant Sex × Age interaction on the mental rotation task, with men outperforming women in the 3D task, but with no sex differences shown in childhood in the 2D task. Sex differences in verbal fluency were found, with girls and women outperforming boys and men in this task. Findings are discussed within an integrative approach of biological as well as environmental factors.